掌握约 3000 个基础英语单词和一定数量的短语和习惯用语，对单词能认、会读，
共 5个小题，每小题 2分，共 10分。要求从所给的四个单词的划线部分中选出一
共 5个小题，每小题 2分，共 10分。每小题留有空白处，要求考生从所给的四个
共 10个小题，每小题 2分，共 20分。这部分包括一篇短文，短文中有 10处空白，
共 20个小题，每小题 3分，共 60分。这部分由 5篇文章组成，阅读量为 1200词
1. A. procedure
2. A. familiar
3. A anywhere
4. A. agent
5. A. calm
6. --- I don’t have any change with me. Will you pay the fare for me?
A. That’s all right
B. I don’t believe you
D. Sorry, but that’s no excuse
C. How dare you say that
7. It’s high time we ______ him a regestered letter.
A. send B. sent C. has sent D. had sent
8. I _____ the paper after lunch. That’s one of the things I really enjoy.
A. used to read
C. use to read
B.am used to reading
D. used to reading
9. What do you think ______ a taxi to the airport?
A. to take B. your taking C. about taking
10. Everyone was home for the holiday. What could make for ______Christmas than that?
A. the merriest B. a merrier C. merry D. the merry
11. _____ the government agrees to give extra money, the theatre will have to be closed next
A. I did make
13. Interestingly, many people hold the belief that imports are
A. contrary B. relevant C. superior
14. He is always complaining about one thing or _______.
A. others B. something C. another
any mistakes during my past five years of service in the company.
B. I would make
C. did I make
D. would I make
to domestic goods.
15. None of you _______ to stay until the game is over, if you do not want to.
A. must B. needn’t C. has D. haven’t
16. Mandela was ______ first President elected in _____ South Africa.
A. a, the B. the, / C. a, /
17. Seven years have passed _______ I came to America.
A. since B. from C. for
D. the, the
18. ---I went to the museum you introduced to me yesterday.
--- Oh, did you?_____ .
A. So I did
B. So did I
C. Either I did
D. Either did I
19. I don’t understand this point of grammar. I wish I ____ it better.
C. would understand
D. had understood
20. I went to have my glasses ______.
C. fit on
D. fitted on
阅读下面的短文，从短文后各题的四个选项 A, B, C, D中选出填入对应空白处*佳
Everyone in the world experience feeling of pressure or stress. No one can avoid stress
stress can be mannaged in healthy ways.
One way to manage stress is to BUILD your
22 resistence. Building resistence will
increase your ability to deal with stress, and it will
the effect of stress on your life.
you are in another place.
One way to strenghen your mental resistence is to
Some people call this “taking a menatl holiday”.
A man named Tobias lives in the city of Harare, Zimbabwe. As a boy, he spent most of
his time on the Prais de Macuri coast in Beira, Mozambique. Now, he works many long hours
at his office and his job is 25 .
Tobias reduced his stress by remembering the fun he had as a boy. He thinks of the blue
water and the waves rolling onto the sand. This mental
helps Tobias calm his mind.
Another way to manage stress in your life is to CHANGE___ change the way you feel
about a stressful situation.
Carmelita lives in Mexico City, Mexico. Traffic problems are very
Carmelita finds this very stressful. She gets very angry when she sits in traffic. Carmelita
changes the way she feels by using that time in a new way. Carmelita loves stories. So, she
listening to recorded books in her car. By doing something she enjoys, traffic delay will
no longer be a stressful situation for her. 29 , it can be a chance for her to listen to her
favorite recorded books.
You can never 30 all the stress and pressure of life. But stress management can
help you reduce stress in healthy ways.
21. A. or
22. A. physical
23. A. slow
24. A. forget
25. A. steady
26. A. journey
27. A. common
28. A. suggests
29. A. Anyhow
30. A. reject
Public goods are those products from whose enjoyment nobody can be effectively
excluded. Everybody is free to enjoy the benefits of these commodities, and one person’s
utilization（利用）does not reduce the possibilities of anybody else’s enjoying the same good.
Examples of public goods are not as rare as one might expect. A flood control dam is a
public good. Once the dam is built, all persons living in the area will benefit--regardless of
their own contribution to the construction cost of the dam. The same holds true for highway
signs or aids to navigation. Once a lighthouse is built, no ship of any nationality can be
effectively excluded from the utilization of the lighthouse for navigational purposes. National
defense is another example. Even a person who voted against military expenditures or did not
pay any taxes will benefit from the protection afforded.
It is no easy task to determine the social costs and social benefits associated with a public
good. There is no practicable way of charging drivers for looking at highway signs, sailors for
watching a lighthouse, and citizens for the security provided to them through national defense.
Because the market does not provide the necessary signals, economic analysis has to be
substituted（代替） for the impersonal judgement of the marketplace.
31. With what topic is the passage mainly concerned?
A. Mechanisms for safer navigation.
B. The economic structure of the marketplace.
C. A specific group of commodities.
D.The advantage of lowering taxes.
32. Which of the following would NOT be an example of a public good as described in the
A．taxi. D. A stoplight.
33. Which of the following can best replace the underlined word “holds”?
A. has B. is C. grasps D. carries
B. A bridge.
C. A fire truck.
34. According to the passage, finding out the social costs of a public good is a ________.
A. difficult procedure
B. daily duty
C. matter of personal judgement
D. citizen’s responsibility
Olaf Stapledon wrote a book called First and Last Men in which he looked millions of
years ahead. He told of different men and of strange civilisations（文明）, broken up by long
‘dark ages’ in between. In his view, what is called the present time is no more than a moment
in human history and we are just the First Men. In 2,000 million years from now there will be
the Eighteenth or Last Men.
However, most of our ideas about the future are really very short-sighted. Perhaps we
can see some possibilities for the next fifty years. But the next hundred? The next thousand?
The next million? That’s much more difficult.
When men and women lived by hunting 50,000 years ago, how could they even begin
to picture modern life? Yet to men of 50,000 years from now, we may seem as primitive（原
始的）in our ideas as the Stone-Age hunters do to us. Perhaps through the the spundels and
ballalators, these words, which I have just made up, have to stand for things and ideas that we
simply can’t think of .
So why bother even to try imagining life far in the future? Here are two reasons. First
unless we remember how short our own lives are compared with the whole human history, we
are likely to think our own interests are much more important than they really are. If we make
the earth a poor place to live because we are careless or greedy（贪婪） or quarrelsome, our
grand-children will not bother to think of excuses for us.
Second, by trying to escape from present interests and imagine life far in the future, we
may arrive at quite fresh ideas that we can use ourselves. For example, if we imagine that in
the future men may give up farming, we can think of trying it now . So set you imagination
free when you think about the future .
35. A particular mention made of Stapledon’s book in the opening paragraph _________.
A. serves as a description of human history
B. serves an introduction to the discussion
C. shows a disagreement of views
D. Shows the popularity of the book
36. The text discusses men and women 50,000 years ago and 50,000 years from now
in order to show that _________.
A. human history is extremely long
B. life has changed a great deal
C. it is useless to plan for the next 50 years
D. it is difficult to tell what will happen in the future
37. Spundels and ballalators are used in the text to refer to _________.
A. tools used in farming
B. ideas about modern life
C. unknown things in the future
D. hunting skills in the Stone Age
38. According to the writer of the text, imagining the future will _________.
A. serve the interests of the present and future generations
B. enable us to better understand human history
C. help us to improve farming
D. make life worth living
I was 15 when I met my first real teacher, Mrs Geurin. I didn’t know her well at the time
but I thought I hated her.
In her first class, she asked us to write a piece about an influencial person, place or
memory. I chose to write my lake house, a topic I had already written about and received a
vast amount of praise for. Put simply, it was the place that my parents met and fell in love.
This teacher knew about my original piece and she was not happy. Throught the school year,
we would pass each other in the hall, never saying a word to each other.
It was not until February of 2012 that we spoke at the most unusual of places, my
father’s funeral. At first, I was angry that she showed up. Did she even care? She didn’t even
know him! I stood, watching her give a deep bow to my father’s coffin, completely confused!
It was not until she approached me that I realized she was crying even harder than I was.
“Kali,” she said, “I am so sorry. My own father passed away just three weeks ago, and I
completely feel your pain.” I was shocked. I understood that she had also lost her father, but I
didn’t see the connection between us just yet. She had rejected my writing. That was not
something that I was willing to so early forgive.
A couple of weeks later, she went into my study hall and placed an envelope on my desk.
In the letter, she told me her father, also had cancer, also passed away in six months’ time and
he was her best friend too. It was not just this letter, but this act of kindness that taught me my
greatest life lesson. Losing has taught us both how to appreciate life. For that lesson, I am
39. Why did the author hate Mrs. Geurin at first?
A. Mrs. Geurin said somethig bad about the author’s father.
B. Mrs. Geurin gave the author a hard topic to write about.
C. Mrs. Geurin didn’t appreciate the author’s writing.
D. Mrs. Geurin didn’t like the author’s lake house.
40. Hearing what Mrs. Geurin said at the funeral, the author _____.
A. was grateful to her
B. still didn’t forgive her
C. felt ashamed of herself
D. found they had a lot in common
41. What changed the relationship between Mrs. Geurin and the author?
A. Her apology to the author.
C. Both losing a good friend
42. What’s best title for the text?
A. My first teacher
B. Her visit to the lake house.
D. A similar sad experience
B. My beloved father
C. Seeking common ground
D. Breaking down the emotional barrier
It can be hard to feel much sympathy for bats. Like snakes or spiders or sharks, there’s
something quite alarming about bats, something that holds back empathy. Bats aren’t actually
“flying rodents（啮齿动物）,” but you likely won’t see them on the next endangered species
But bats in the U.S. are in serious trouble, thanks largely to a catastrophic disease called
white-nose syndrome （WNS）, which has killed at least one million bats, mostly in the
northeast, and death rates among some affected winter colonies can be as high as 70%. One
species—the little brown bat or Myotis lucifugus—has declined so quickly that it is headed
for extinction. And the disease keeps spreading, with wildlife experts helpless to stop it—after
starting in upstate New York in 2006, the disease was just confirmed as far west as Ohio
You might say: so what? Other than people who study bats—would anyone miss them
when they’re gone? As it turns out, all of us would—at least if you like food. A new article in
Science shows that bats have an important role to play in agriculture—one worth at least $3.7
billion a year, if not far more. That’s how much the extinction of bats throughout North
America could cost the region’s food system, according to an analysis by a group of
researchers led by Justin Boyles of the University of Pretoria in South Africa. The logic is
simple: bats eat bugs—tons and tons of bugs—and that includes crop and forests pests. （A
single colony of 150 brown bats in Indianan has been estimated to eat nearly 1.3 million pest
insects a year.） Remove the bats, and you remove one of nature’s most effective biological
pesticides—which would have to be replaced by actual pesticides, at an economic and
It’s not just WNS that is striking down bats. Wind turbines（涡轮机）are apparently
killing migratory（迁徙的）bats as well—by 2020, an estimated 33,000 to 111,000 bats are
predicted to be killed by turbines in the mid-Atlantic Highlands alone. The authors in the
Science paper worry that as wind power develop fast in the U.S., more bats will end up killed
by the blades. But WNS seems like the more immediate threat. But it’s still a mystery how
WNS spread, and how to stop it—those the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, among other
government agencies, is on the case. We may not like bats—but we definitely need them.
43. What is the author’s opinion about bats?
44. Which of the following statements is true about WNS?
A. It speads quickly
B. It can be controlled.
C. It was first discovered in Ohio.
D. It is more serious in the Northwest.
45. From Justin Boyles’ study we can learn that _____.
A. bats often eat insects killed pesticides
B. bats in North America are short of food
C. some species of bats harm crop plants
D. losing bats means huge economic cost
46. What is the author’s purpose of writing this passage?
A. To show his opinion of bats.
B. To show how impotant bats are in agriculture.
C. To tell us a rare animal.
D. To report a new science discovery.
Many parents try hard to protect their kids from TV and Internet advertising. But how
can you protect a child form a large fast-food ad painted on her school locker（小柜）? Or a
toy ad on the side of his school bus?
As school budgets get smaller, a growing number of schools in the US are selling
advertising space on lockers and buses and in gyms and cafeterias. It is an easy way for
schools to make money. And ads may provides relief for parents exhausted by making each
donations to support schools.
While parents can always turn off the television or the computer, they can’t keep
advertising out of schools. This isn’t the first time the issue has come up. For example, a news
program for teens has been criticized for including ads in its 12-month classroom broadcasts.
Parents groups successfully fought a plan by a company called Bus Radio to put music and
ads into school buses.
But now things are different. Just last month, Los Angeles approved a plan to allow
companies to advertise in the district’s schools. Officials say the plan could provide as much
as $ 18 million for the school.
In St. Francis, Minn, school recently agreed to cover 10% to 15% of their lockers with
ads. Edward Saxton, a teacher in the school, say, “So far, parents are accepting this as a way
to bring in needed money. The money pays for programs like arts, sports, and music. Parents
don’t like to see programs getting cut. Neither do I.. Besides, schools are thinking about the
effects on kids all the time.”
However, Susan Linn, an educational experts, says, “Kids have already seen enough
ads on TV, in magazines and on products they use daily. School is no place for
advertisements at all.”
Reader, what about you? Would you rather help run yet another school fundraiser, or
expose your child to ads on lockers and buses? Is keeping ads out of schools worth raising
taxes, or increasing your own cash support for schools through donations?
47. Why do schools allow ads into schools?
A. To reduce parents’ burdens.
B. To solve their finanical problems.
C. To offer kids a wide choice of goods.
D. To improve their students’ living conditions.
48. Edward Saxon thinks that _____.
A. schools choose ads carefully
B. ads in schools should not be too much
C. shcools should be a place free from ads
D. in-schools do no harm to young kids.
49. What is this passage mainly about?
A. The negative efect of ads on kids.
B. Efforts to stop in-school advertising.
C. Whether ads should be allowed in schools.
D. Whether Parents should run fundraisers for schools.
50. Who are intended readers of the text?
2. A. advance
3. A. destruction
4. A. function
5. A. all
6. I need _____ to finish the chair.
A. one more wood
C. many woods
B. much woods
D. a piece of wood
7. The mayor together with his two brothers _____ going to be indicated for accepting bribes.
A. were B. have to C. is D. are
8. The film in my camera is finished. I need to get it _____.
A. cut B. cleaning C. to test D. developed
9. --- I can’t find my wallet.
--- _____ it at home?
A. Must you leave
B. Maybe you leave
D. Might you have left
C. You might left
10. I’m really quiet lost. ______ me how to get out of here?
A. Would you mind showing
C. you to be
B. Would you be showing
D. Would you mind to showing
11. Our customer’s money _____ if they are not satisfied with the product.
A. will refund
B. will have refunded
C. will be refunded
D. will have been refunded
12. He speaks ______ English and German.
A. any B. either C. either
13. The cakes are delicious. I’d like to have _____ third one as _____ second one I ate was
A. the, the
B. a , the
C. the, a
D. a, a
14. Americans eat _____ vegetables per person today as they did in 1910.
A. more than twice
C. twice as many as
B. as twice as many
D. more than twice as many
15. Five hundred yuan a week _____ enough to live on.
A. is B. are C. is being D. has been
16. She hasn’t read the article, nor ______ the essay.
A. has written B. she has written C. writing
17. --- You should have listened carefully.
---I had hoped to, but I didn’t think what the speaker was saying made any ____
A. value B. fun C. use D. sense
18. I suggested to our manager that we ____ the problem in another way.
A. handles B. handle C. did handle D. had handled
D. has she written
19. The treatment will continue until the patient reaches the point _____ he can walk properly
20. --- Must you play the guitar so loudly? I can hardly _____ my books.
--- I’m sorry. I didn’t know you were reading.
A. pay attention to
C. rely on
B. concentrae on
D. catch sight of
阅读下面的短文，从短文后各题的四个选项 A, B, C, D中选出填入对应空白处*佳
Princeton, New Jersey, is a small quiet town of family homes, even though it does have
a world-famous university. It is not a place
characters on the streets.
anyone would expect to see strange
22 day in 1940, a little girl in Princeton saw a funny-looking man 23
her. His white hair was wild and seemed to be standing straight out. His 24 were much too
big and seemed to have been pulled on like a blanket 25 him. He was short, had a big
nose and deep-set eyes. He was not looking anywhere. It was 26 that he was thinking
deeply. He almost ran into the girl before he 27 her. He smiled at her, then walked on and
went on thinking. The girl turned around to get 28 look at the strange old man. She
noticed that he was wearing his bedroom slippers.
That night 29 dinner, the girl told her family about the strange, funny man she had
seen. “He was almost like a character out of a fairy story,” she exclaimed. 30 her surprise,
her father put down his knife and fork, looked at her, then said, “My child, remember this:
today you saw one of the greatest men in the world.”
The “strange character” was Allbert Einstein, the world-famous scientist.
21. A. that
22. A. Some
23. A. go
C. to run
24. A. ears
25. A. over
26. A. clearly
27. A. talked
28. A. one
29. A. before
30. A. To
You’ve likely been told by your parents not to play with fire. Fire can be dangerous.
However, some fires are very healthy and helpful to our planet.
Until the 20 century, almost all forest fires were naturally occurring fires, started by
natural means, such as lightning strikes. These fires are a part of our ecosystem. When forest
fires occur naturally, they tend to move quickly through the forest. They burn the lower
branches and clear the deadwood and weeds from the forest floor.
For many years, the US government tried to prevent as many forest fires as possible. As
a result, forests build up layers of deadwood and brush. This left forests at risk for much
fiercer natural fires. The extra deadwood served as fuel. It also kept forests less healthy for
trees and wildlife.
Forest fires improve the forest as a habitat for large trees that prefer some open space.
In addition, forest fires help seeds begin to grow. Some types of trees only let go of seeds
when they are exposed to great heat. These natural fires also remove sick plants and harmful
insects from a forest ecosystem.
In recent years forest-management techniques have changed. Scientists understand the
importance of fire to the forest. Forest agencies have begun starting controlled fires. These
help remove the growth that has built up over so many years. At the same time, people have
increased their use of the forest for leisure purpose. Now most forest fires are caused by
human carelessness. People being careless with matches or cigaretts can start fires.
Sometimes people leave their campfire unattended. These fires often cause more damage than
natural fires because they upset the balance of nature. They also can destroy timber and harm
Always be careful when you are camping or walking through the woods. Be careful
with matches and make sure campfires have been put out properly. We will all see the
benefits from these precautions in our forests and natural environments.
31. What do we know about naturally occurring fires?
A. They help cure sick plants.
B. They are important to forest.
C. They keep seeds from growing.
D. They disturb the balance of nature.
32. The US government’s efforts in preventing forest fires in the past _______.
A. proved to be useful
B. benefited wildlife a lot
C. stopped natural fires from occurruing.
D. affected the development of forests
33. In the last few years, US forest agencies started to _______.
A. forbid people to camp in the forest
B. understand the harm of forest fires
C. use fire to clear the forest floor
D. be worried about forest fires
34. The word “precaution” in the last paragraph probably means ______.
What kind of French teenager seeks out an American homestay as part of his or her
summer plans? At American Discovery, an international cultural exchange organization, we
have found a few common features in the 25 years we’ve been bringing teenagers form
Europe to the U. S.
These boys and girls are usually independent and have a desire to improve their English.
They love travelling and many have visited other countries in Europe. All of them are excited
to be coming to California for the first time.
These students also tend to believe, and we at American Discovery agree, that to really
experience a country, you have to be more than just a tourist. They see a homestay with an
American family as a good way to meet people and develop long-lasting friendship.
So, I invite East Bay families to take the opportunity this simmer to welcome and host a
student from France from August 2 to August 22 . Today I’d like to introduce you more
17 years old. Lives in Lyon in the southeast of Freance. Loves mountain biking. Also
plays tennis, volleyball and badminiton. Goes to movies, play video games, and listens to pop
and rock music. Has travelled to most countries in Western Europe.
15 years old. Lives in a little village near Bordeaux in the south of France. Feels his
English is good but wants to improve, Says,“I’m a great fan of American TV series. Also I
like to cook and to read.”
17 years old. Lives in Orchies, near Lille in the north of France. Favorite foods are meat,
potaots and vegetables. Enjoys sports, TV, and hiking. Plays soccer & ping-pong.
15 years old. Lives in Burgundy. Doesn’t eat meat, but can make exceptions. Likes to
go to theme parks, play games and go shopping. Participate in a homestay with a family in
New York last August.
For more information or to host, contact Jonathan Draper at 510-300-7022 or
[email protected] Discovery.net.
35. Based on this passage, what is the best way to learn about a foreign country?
A. Living with a foreign family.
B. Seeing foreign movies.
C. Watching Foreign TV.
D. Making foreign friends.
36. What do Vincent and Brian have in common?
A. Both like watching TV.
B. Both are not good at cooking.
C. Both are interested in sports.
D. both enjoys playing video games.
37. What are the intended readers of the text?
A. Language techers.
B. East Bay parents.
D. college students.
C. European tour guides.
38. Which of following statements is true?
A. Violaine is a sport fan.
B. Brian likes to watch American TV series.
C. American Discovery is a cultural exchange organization.
D. American Discovery is a TV program.
In 1801, Thomas Jefferson was the first president to take the oath of office in the
nation’s permanent capital, Washington D. C. Although Washington was a new city, it was
already familiar to President Jefferson. In fact, Jefferson had helped plan the capital’s streets
and public buildings. Besides being a city planner and architect, the new President was a
writer, a scientist, and the inventor of several tools.
Jefferson lived in the Presidential Palace. The Palace was more than a home; it
contained offices for the President and some of his staff and advisors. It also included dining
and reception rooms, where the President could entertain congressmen. However, President
Jefferson did not give many formal parties. This was partly because there was no First Lady.
Jefferson’s wife had died in 1782. But it was also because Jefferson liked to live in a simple
fashion. Once, he showed up for an important meeting wearing old clothes and slippers!
Neither Washington nor Adams would ever have dressed so casually.
Jefferson was different from the first two Presidents in other ways, too. He disagreed
with them about how the country should be run, and about what part a President should play
in running it.
39. According to the passage, the Presidential Palace was built to be
A. an office building and home
C. a home
B. a meeting place for congressmen
D. an office building
40. According to the passage, Thomas Jefferson was all of the following except
A. a writer B. a city planner
C. the third president of the United States D. a carpenter
41.Thomas Jefferson did not entertain very often in Washington D. C. because
A. he did not have new clothes
B. the food there was bad
C. he did not enjoy carefully prepared parties and there was no First Lady
D. his wife did not like it
42. Which of the following statements about Washington D. C. is true?
A. It was not the first capital of the United States.
B. All the American presidents took the oath of office in Washington D.C.
C. There were many old streets in Washington D. C. before 1801.
D. Washington D. C. was planned by Thomas Jefferson.
Schools in the 1990’s will be working together with businessmen and offices, and
factories will be full of school children and teachers. Since the reforms of the nineteenth
century which got children out of factories, the British have disliked mixing learning with
commerce. But the past ten years of high youth unemployment have encouraged most schools
to create new links with employers to provide their pupils with more marketable skills. And in
the next ten years, when youth labor will become scarce rather than plentiful, many employers
not yet working with schools will be encouraged to do so.
43. One of Britain’s aims of the nineteenth century social reforms must have been to
A. provide pupils with more skills
C. separate learning from commerce
44. In Britain, the 1990’s will see a
B. create new links with employers
D. mix learning with commerce
A. weak link between schools and factories
B. a high youth unemployment
C. higher demand for skilled workers
D. new increase in youth labor
45. In the past decade, the British schools have taken their pupils to factories
A. youth labor is plentiful
B. the British think it’s good for their children to work there
C. the employers encourage them to do so
D. they have had to prepare their students for employment
46. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage?
A. In the past ten years, Britain’s youth unemployment rate is high.
B. Birth rate in Britain will become lower.
C. Most British schools have been encouraged to provide their pupils with more
D. In Britain youth labor will be much less than is needed in the next decade.
To us it seems so natural to put up an umbrella to keep the water off when it rains. But
actually the umbrella was not invented as protection against rain. Its first use was as a shade
against the sun!
Nobody knows who first invented it, but the umbrella was used in very ancient times.
Probably the first to use it were the Chinese, way back in the eleventh century B.C.
We know that the umbrella was used in ancient Egypt and Babylon as a sunshade. And
there was a strange thing connected with its use: it became a symbol of honour and authority.
In the Far East in ancient times, the umbrella was allowed to be used only by royalty or by
those in high office.
In Europe, the Greeks were the first to use the umbrella as a sunshade. And the umbrella
was in common use in ancient Greece. But it is believed that the first persons in Europe to use
the umbrella as protection against the rain were the ancient Romans.
During the Middle Ages, the use of the umbrella practically disappeared. Then it
appeared again in Italy in the late sixteenth century. And again it was considered a symbol of
power and authority. By 1680, the umbrella appeared in France, and later on in England.
By the eighteenth century, the umbrella was used against rain throughout most of
Europe. Umbrellas have not changed much in style during all this time, though they have
become much lighter in weight. It wasn’t until the twentieth century that women’s umbrellas
began to be made, in a whole variety of colors.
47. According to this passage, the umbrella was probably first invented
A. in ancient China
C. in ancient Greece
B. in ancient Egypt
D. in ancient Rome
48. Which of the following statements is not true about the umbrella?
A. No one exactly knows who was the inventor of the umbrella.
B. The umbrella was first invented to be used as protection against the sun.
C. The umbrella changed much in style in the eighteenth century.
D. In Europe, the Greeks were the first to use the umbrella.
49. A strange feature of the umbrella’s use is that it was used as
A. protection against rain B. a shade against the sun
C. a symbol of honour and power D. women’s status Middle Ages
50. This passage talks mainly about
A. when and how the umbrella was invented
B. why the umbrella was so popular in Europe
C. the development of the umbrella
D. the history and use of the umbrella
1-5 A C C A A
D C D D A
11-15 C D.B D A
26-30 B C D C A
16-20 D D B D B
21-25 B D B B A
31-34 B D D A
43-46 C C D B
35-38 A C B C
47-50 A C C D
39-42 A D C A
1. A. assign
2. A. approximate
3. A. comprehension
4. A. among
5. A although
6. --- Did you happen to see ______ black and _____ white cat?
--- Are they missing? I told you to take care of them.
A. a, /
7. A small percentage of the grain _____ ruined by the prolonged rain.
A. was B. is C. were D. are
8. Who is that man, ____ in the front row?
A. one B. the one C. first
9. Little _____ that their plan has been discovered.
B. the, /
C. the, the
D. the first
A. they suspect
B. do they suspect
D. did they suspect
C. they suspected
10. _____ do Americans and the British speak the same language, _____ they share a large
number of social customs.
A. Not only; but also
C. Neither; nor
B. Either, or
D. Both; and
11. It is important to _____ our awareness about environment protection.
12. I _____ raw fish, but I’d like to try it one day.
A. never eat
B. never ate
C. was never eating
D. have never eaten
13. He _____ in that hotel since the beginning of August.
A. has been living B. lived C. is living
14. It was his nervousness in the interview_____ probably lost him the job.
A. which B. since C. that D. what
15. ---I’d love to invite you to dinner, John. Let’s make it Saturday if it is convenient to you.
--- _____ . I can’t wait to see you.
A. That’s great
B. Please don’t
D. I’d rather not
C. Thanks for your dinner
16. My colleague demanded that I _____ the books I borrowed from him.
A. return B.would return C. returned D. was to return
17. I don’t understand this point of grammar. I wish I ____ it better.
C. would understand
D. had understood
18. I went to have my glasses ______.
A. fit B. fitted C. fit on
19. They went into town with the _____ of visiting the library.
A. profession B. appoingtment C. process
D. fitted on
20. My friend was driving home on the highway last night when a policeman stopped him and
_____ him of speeding.
阅读下面的短文，从短文后各题的四个选项 A, B, C, D中选出填入对应空白处*佳
When I smoke with my family, I feel so relaxed and good that nothing else in the world
21 . I thought that smoking weed（烟草） was okay since many of my family
members and people at my school smoked. Nothing ever happened to them.
smoking weed a lot more during lunch and after school. I never thought
I wanted to smoke. Not that it was actually taking over my mind and body. Then I began to
of it just that
fall behind in school. I would
money. I would spend
cut classes, come home late and spend all my baby-sitting
24 8 to 18 dollars a day. I never thought twice that marijuana
（大麻） had a bad effect on those things. Maybe my coming to class high was the reason
why I was failing or coming home late. As I continued to smoke marijuana, I began to notice
that I would always have the strong desire to smoke and that I would get lost in cigarettes if I
smoked those, but I don’t.
the amount of marijuana that I use. I don’t want drugs to be the most important in my life. I’m
not smoking every day, and not spending as much money. Now that I have on my
habit, I am saving more money. I’m ready to go back to school and do good, so that I can
make something of myself. Everyone is always saying how weed your mind and
I have learned more about marijuana, I have
how it solves problems. I think it only brings more 28 . Marijuana is not good for your
body or your brain. I’m not trying to tell you not to smoke, I’m just letting you know that
marijuana can be dangerous to your health, and 29 it may cause some long term negative
（负面的） effects. Help yourself now, before it is too late. I don’t want to lecture anyone,
my experience with you. I do still smoke, but not as often.
21. A. matter
22. A. By the way
23. A. too much
24. A. at least
B. Now and then
B. a little
C. In my opinion
C. too often
D. At one point
D. any more
D. as little as
D. As long as
D. cut off
B. at most
C. no more than
C. Now that
C. turned off
25. A. although
26. A. broken down
27. A. excites
B. Even if
B. cut down
D. in the case
28. A. problems
29. A. in future
30. A. tell
B. in the distance
C. in the long run
A good marriage means growing as a couple but also growing as individuals.This isn’t
easy, marriage has always been difficult. Why then are we seeing so many divorces at this
time? Yes, our modern social fabric is thin, and yes the permissiveness of society has created
unrealistic expectations and thrown the family into disorder. But divorce is so common
because people today are unwilling to exercise the self-discipline that marriage requires. They
expect easy joy, like the entertainment on TV, the thrill of a good party.
Marriage takes some kind of sacrifice, not dreadful self-sacrifice of the soul, but some
level of compromise. Some of one’s fantasies, some of one’s legitimate desires have to be
given up for the value of the marriage itself. “While all marital partners feel shackled （受束
缚） at times, it is they who really choose to make the marital ties into confining chains or
supporting bonds”, says Dr.Whitaker. Marriage requires ***ual, financial and emotional
discipline. A man and a woman cannot follow every impulse, cannot allow themselves to stop
growing or changing.
A divorce is not an evil act. Sometimes it provides salvation（拯救）for people who have
grown hopelessly apart or were frozen in patterns of pain or mutual unhappiness. Divorce can
be like the first cut of the surgeon’s knife, a step toward new health and a good life. On the
other hand, if the partners can stay past the breaking up of the romantic myths into the
development of real love and intimacy, they have achieved a work as amazing as the greatest
cathedrals（教堂） of the world. Marriages that do not fail but improve, that persist despite
imperfections, are not only rare these days but offer a wondrous shelter in which the face of
our mutual humanity can safely show itself.
31. According to the author,an ideal marriage life _____ .
A. requires considerable sacrifice on both partners
B. requires that the couple be emotionally involved
C. allows for the growth of the husband and wife as a couple and as two individuals
D. is only an illusion in today’s society
32. In Paragraph 2, the word “legitimate”most probably means _____ .
33. In the author’s opinion, a divorce is not an evil act _____ .
A.if the marital life is imperfect
B. if it leads to a more worthwhile life for the two persons
C. if the couple later get married again and find real love
D. if the couple live far away from each other
34. The author believes the real cause for the increase of divorces today is that _____ .
A. people have too many sources of entertainment
B. people have less internal restraints
C. people no longer enjoy family life as they did before
D. people do not want to be confined by marital ties
Long after the 1998 World Cup was won, disappointed fans were still cursing the
disputed refereeing（裁判）decisions that denied victory to their team. A researcher was
appointed to study the performance of some top referees.
The researcher organized an experimental tournament（锦标赛）involving four youth
teams. Each match lasted an hour, divided into three periods of 20 minutes during which
different referees were in charge.
Observers noted down the referees’errors, of which there were 61 over the tournament.
Converted to a standard match of 90 minutes, each referee made almost 23 mistakes, a
remarkably high number.
The researcher then studied the videotapes to analyse the matches in detail. Surprisingly,
he found that errors were more likely when the referees were close to the incident. When the
officials got it right, they were, on average, 17 meters away from the action. The average
distance in the case of errors was 12 meters. The research shows the optimum（*佳的）
distance is about 20 meters.
There also seemed to be an optimum speed. Correct decisions came when the referees
were moving at a speed of about 2 meters per second. The average speed for errors was 4
meters per second.
If FIFA, football’s international ruling body, wants to improve the standard of refereeing
at the next World Cup, it should encourage referees to keep their eyes on the action from a
distance, rather than rushing to keep up with the ball, the researcher argues.
He also says that FIFA’s insistence that referees should retire at age 45 may be
misguided. If keeping up with the action is not so important, their physical condition is less
35. The experiment conducted by the researcher was meant to _______.
A. review the decisions of referees at the 1998 World Cup
B. analyse the causes of errors made by football referees
C. set a standard for football refereeing
D. show the referees were not guilty
36. The number of refereeing errors in the experimental matches was _______.
A. slightly above average
B. higher than in the 1998 World Cup
C. quite unexpected
D. as high as in a standard match
37. The findings of the experiment show that _______.
A. errors are more likely when a referee keeps close to the ball
B. the farther the referee is from the incident, the fewer the errors
C. the more slowly the referee runs, the more likely will errors occur
D. errors are less likely when a referee stays in one spot
38. What is one of the possible conclusions of the experiment?
A. The ideal retirement age for an experienced football referee is 45.
B. Age should not be the chief consideration in choosing a football referee.
C. A football referee should be as young and energetic as possible.
D. An experienced football referee can do well even when in poor physical
Since we are social beings, the quality of our lives depends in large measure on our
interpersonal relationships. One strength of the human condition is our tendency to give and
receive support from one another under stressful circumstances. Social support consists of the
exchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties.
Those of us with strong support systems appear better able to cope with major life
changes and daily hassles（困难）. People with strong social ties live longer and have better
health than those without such ties. Studies over a range of illnesses, from depression to heart
disease, reveal that the presence of social support helps people fend off（挡开） illness, and
the absence of such support makes poor health more likely.
Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives, and
co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel
accepted by others despite our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us
with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find
solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive. Engaging in
leisure-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time
distracting（转移……注意力） us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may
give us instrumental support? A financial aid, material resources, and needed services ——
that reduces stress by helping us resolve and cope with our problems.
39. Interpersonal relationships are important because _______.
A. they are indispensable to people’s social well-being
B. they waken people’s desire to exchange resources
C. they help people to cope with life in the information era
D. they can cure a range of illnesses such as heart disease, etc.
40. Research shows that people’s physical and mental health _______.
A. relies on the social welfare systems which support them
B. has much to do with the amount of support they get from others
C. depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles
D. is closely related to their strength for coping with major changes in their lives
41. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “cushions”（Para.2）?
A. Adds up to.
B. Does away with.
C. Lessens the effect of.
D. Lays the foundation for.
42. Social companionship is beneficial in that _______.
A. it helps strengthen our ties with relatives
B. it enables us to eliminate our faults and mistakes
C.it makes our leisure-time activities more enjoyable
D. it draws our attention away from our worries and troubles
It was a winter morning, just a couple of weeks before Christmas 2005. While most
people were warming up their cars, Trevor, my husband, had to get up early to ride his bike
four kilometers away from home to work. On arrival, he parked his bike outside the back door
as he usually does. After putting in 10 hours of labor, he returned to find his bike gone.
The bike, a black Kona 18 speed, was our only transport. Trevor used it to get to work,
putting in 60-hour weeks to support his young family. And the bike was also used to get
groceries（食品杂货）, saving us from having to walk long distances from where we live.
I was so sad that someone would steal our bike that I wrote to the newspaper and told
them our story. Shortly after that, several people in our area offered to help. One wonderful
stranger even bought a bike, then called my husband to pick it up. Once again my husband
had a way to get to and from his job. It really is an honor that a complete stranger would go
out of their way for someone they have never met before.
People say that a smile can be passed from one person to another, but acts of kindness
from strangers are even more so. This experience has had a spreading effect in our lives
because it strengthened our faith in humanity（人性） as a whole. And it has influenced（影
响） us to be more mindful of ways we, too, can share with others. No matter how big or how
small, an act of kindness shows that someone cares. And the results can be everlasting.
43. Why was the bike so important to the couple?
A. The man’s job was bike racing.
C. It was a nice Kona 18 speed.
B. It was their only possession.
D. They used it for work and daily life.
44. We can infer from the text that ____________.
A. the couple worked 60 hours a week. B. people were busy before Christmas
C. the stranger brought over the bike
D. life was hard for the young family.
45. How did people get to know the couple’s problem?
A. From radio broadcasts.
C. From TV news.
B. From a newspaper.
D. From a stranger.
46. What do the couple learn from their experience?
A. Strangers are usually of little help.
B. One should take care of their bike.
C. News reports make people famous. D. An act of kindness can mean a lot.
Laws that would have ensured pupils from 5 to 16 received a full financial education
got lost in the ‘wash up’. An application is calling on the next government to bring it back.
At school the children are taught to add up and subtract（减法）but, extraordinarily, are
not routinely shown how to open a bank account — let alone how to manage their finances in
an increasingly complex and demanding world.
Today the parenting website Mumsnet and the consumer campaigner Martin Lewis
have joined forces to launch an online application to make financial education a compulsory
element of the school curriculum in England. Children from 5 to 16 should be taught about
everything from pocket money to pensions, they say. And that was exactly the plan preserved
in the Children, Schools and Families bill that was shelved by the government in the so-called
“wash-up” earlier this month — the rush to legislation before parliament was dismissed.
Consumer and parent groups believe financial education has always been one of the most
frustrating omissions of the curriculum.
As the Personal Finance Education Group（Pfeg）points out, the good habits of young
children do not last long. Over 75% of seven- to 11-year-olds are savers but by the time they
get to 17, over half of them are in debt to family and friends. By this age, 26% see a credit
card or overdraft（透支） as a way of extending their spending power. Pfeg predicts that these
young people will “find it much harder to avoid the serious unexpected dangers that have
befallen many of their parents’ generation unless they receive good quality financial
education while at school.”
The UK has been in the worst financial recession（衰退） for generations. It does seem
odd that — unless parents step in — young people are left in the dark until they are cruelly
introduced to the world of debt when they turn up at university. In a recent poll of over 8,000
people, 97% supported financial education in schools, while 3% said it was a job for parents.
47. The passage is mainly about _____________.
A. how to manage school lessons
B. how to deal with the financial crisis
C. teaching young people about money
D. teaching students how to study effectively
48. It can be inferred from the first two paragraphs that __________.
A. the author complains about the school education
B. pupils should not be taught to add up and subtract
C. students have been taught to manage their finances
D. laws on financial education have been effectively carried out
49. The website and the consumer campaigner joined to _________.
A. instruct the pupils to donate their pocket money
B. promote the connection of schools and families
C. ask the government to dismiss the parliament
D. appeal for the curriculum of financial education
50. A poll is mentioned to ___________.
A. stress the necessity of the curriculum reform
B. show the seriousness of the financial recession
C. make the readers aware of burden of the parents
D. illustrate some people are strongly against the proposal
1-5 C D B C A
C A D B A
11-15 D D A C A
26-30 B A A C D
16-20 A B B D C
21-25 A D A A A
31-34 C D B B
43-46 D D B D
35-38 A C A B
39-42 A B C A