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专升本入学测试大学英语复习大纲

 

西北工业大学现代远程教育

专升本入学测试大学英语复习大纲(第八版)

总体要求

考生应具备基础的英语知识和技能,具有一定的听、说、读、写等综合运用英语语

言的能力。

要求考生掌握英语语音知识;掌握英语的基础词汇及基本语法规则;具有较强的阅

读理解能力;具有一定的口语交际能力;具有初步的写作能力。

复习内容及要求

一、语音

掌握下列语音规则:

1.  熟悉英语音素的发音。

2.  掌握英语字母及常用字母组合在单词中的读音。

二、词汇

掌握约 3000  个基础英语单词和一定数量的短语和习惯用语,对单词能认、会读,

知道词义及其在语句中的作用。对在一般交际中使用频率高的单词和短语会拼写、能正

确使用。知道一些常用词的近义词和反义词。能够根据上下文或利用基本的构词法知识

判断语篇中生词的含义。

三、语法

掌握下列基本语法规则:

(一)词法

1.名词

名词的分类、数和所有格;名词在句中的作用。

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2.冠词

冠词(定冠词、不定冠词)的基本用法;冠词的习惯用法及冠词的省略。

3.代词

人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、指示代词、疑问代词、关系代词、不定代词的用

法;“it”作引导词、非人称代词和在强调句型中的用法。

4.数词

基数词、序数词和分数词的构成及其用法。

5.形容词与副词

形容词与副词的基本用法及其比较级。

6.介词

常用介词和介词短语的用法。

7.动词

1)动词的分类:及物动词与不及物动词;连系动词;助动词;情态动词。

2)动词的基本形式:规则动词和不规则动词的形式变化。

3)动词主要时态的构成、用法及时态的呼应;谓语动词与主语的一致关系。

4)情态动词的基本用法。

5)非谓语动词:动词不定式;动名词;现在分词和过去分词

6)被动语态的构成及其基本用法。

7)虚拟语气的常见形式及其基本用法。

8.连词

并列连词及其用法;从属连词及其用法。

(二)句法

1.句子的种类:

l)陈述句(肯定式与否定式)

2)疑问句

1)一般疑问句

2)特殊疑问句

3)反意疑问句

4)选择疑问句

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3)祈使句

4)感叹句

5)并列句

6)复合句

l)名词性从句:主语从句;宾语从句;表语从句;同位语从句

2)定语从句

3)状语从句:

时间状语从句

地点状语从句

方式状语从句

目的状语从句

结果状语从句

原因状语从句

让步状语从句

条件状语从句

2.句子成分:

主语、谓语、表语、宾语、定语、状语、补足语

3.倒装结构

4.主谓一致

(三)构词法

1.派生法:常用前缀和后缀

2.合成法

3.转换法

四、阅读

短文题材包括日常生活、史地、文化、科技常识、人物传记等。体裁有记叙文、说

明文和应用文等。生词量不超过所读材料 2%的中等难度的文字材料。阅读理解部分主

要测试考生下列能力:

1.理解所读文章的主旨和大意,理解事实与细节;

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2.理解句子的意义以及上下文的逻辑关系;

3.根据文章进行一定的判断和推论;

4.根据上下文推测、判断生词的意思;

5.理解文章的写作意图,作者的见解与态度。

测试形式及试卷结构

试卷总分:100

测试时间:50分钟

测试方式:笔试

试卷内容比例:

语音

10

10

20

60

词汇与语法结构

完型填空

阅读理解

详细的考查内容和要求如下:

第一部分:语音

5个小题,每小题  2分,共   10分。要求从所给的四个单词的划线部分中选出一

个与其他三个读音不同的选项。

第二部分:词汇与语法结构

5个小题,每小题  2分,共   10分。每小题留有空白处,要求考生从所给的四个

选项中选出一个*佳答案填人空白,使句子意思完整。

第三部分:完型填空

10个小题,每小题  2分,共  20分。这部分包括一篇短文,短文中有  10处空白,

每个空白为 1小题。每小题有四个选项,要求考生在阅读理解文章内容的基础上,选择

一个*佳答案,使短文的意思和结构合理、完整。

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第四部分:阅读理解

20个小题,每小题  3分,共   60分。这部分由  5篇文章组成,阅读量为  1200

左右。每篇文章后有 4个问题,要求考生在理解全文的基础上,从题后给出的四个选项

中选出一个***题意的答案。

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西北工业大学现代远程教育

专升本入学测试大学英语辅导(一)

一、语音知识

在下列各组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同,找

出该单词。

1. A. procedure

2. A. familiar

3. A anywhere

4. A. agent

B. solider

B. crisis

B. here

C. shortage

C. daylight

C. careful

C. accelerate

C. salt

D. fragrant

D. decline

D. compare

D. avenue

D. behalf

B. accent

B. half

5. A. calm

二、词汇和语法知识

从每小题的四个选项中,选出*佳的一项。

6. --- I don’t have any change with me. Will you pay the fare for me?

---_______.

A. That’s all right

B. I don’t believe you

D. Sorry, but that’s no excuse

C. How dare you say that

7. It’s high time we ______ him a regestered letter.

A. send            B. sent              C. has sent          D. had sent

8. I _____ the paper after lunch. That’s one of the things I really enjoy.

A. used to read

C. use to read

B.am used to reading

D. used to reading

9. What do you think ______ a taxi to the airport?

A. to take                      B. your taking            C. about taking

10. Everyone was home for the holiday. What could make for ______Christmas than that?

A. the merriest              B. a merrier                C. merry                     D. the merry

D. taking

11. _____ the government  agrees to give extra money,  the theatre will have to  be closed next

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month.

A. Unless

12. Seldom

A. I did make

13. Interestingly, many people hold the belief that imports are

A. contrary                  B. relevant                 C. superior

14. He is always complaining about one thing or _______.

A. others                     B. something              C. another

B. If

C. Since

D. As

any mistakes during my past five years of service in the company.

B. I would make

C. did I make

D. would I make

to domestic goods.

D. essential

D. everything

15. None of you _______ to stay until the game is over, if you do not want to.

A. must                       B. needn’t                   C. has                         D. haven’t

16. Mandela was ______ first President elected in _____ South Africa.

A. a, the                      B. the, /                       C. a, /

17. Seven years have passed _______ I came to America.

A. since                       B. from                      C. for

D. the, the

D. when

18. ---I went to the museum you introduced to me yesterday.

--- Oh, did you?_____ .

A. So I did

B. So did I

C. Either I did

D. Either did I

19. I don’t understand this point of grammar. I wish I ____ it better.

A. understand

B. understood

C. would understand

D. had understood

20. I went to have my glasses ______.

A. fit

B. fitted

C. fit on

D. fitted on

三、完形填空

阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题的四个选项  A, B, C, D中选出填入对应空白处*佳

选项。

Everyone in  the world experience feeling  of pressure or  stress. No one  can avoid stress

stress can be mannaged in healthy ways.

completely,

21

One way to  manage stress is to BUILD  your

22    resistence. Building resistence  will

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increase your ability to deal with stress, and it will

23

the effect of stress on your life.

you  are in  another  place.

One  way to  strenghen  your mental  resistence  is to

Some people call this “taking a menatl holiday”.

24

A man named  Tobias lives in the city  of Harare, Zimbabwe. As a  boy, he spent most of

his time on the Prais de Macuri coast in Beira,  Mozambique. Now, he works many long hours

at his office and his job is      25    .

Tobias reduced his stress by  remembering the fun he had as a  boy. He thinks of the blue

water and the waves rolling onto the sand. This mental

26

helps Tobias calm his mind.

Another way  to manage stress  in your life  is to CHANGE___ change  the way you  feel

about a stressful situation.

Carmelita  lives   in  Mexico  City,   Mexico.  Traffic  problems  are   very

27

there.

Carmelita  finds this  very stressful.  She  gets very  angry when  she  sits in  traffic. Carmelita

changes the  way she feels  by using that  time in a  new way. Carmelita  loves stories. So,  she

28

listening to recorded books in her car. By doing something she  enjoys, traffic delay will

no longer  be a stressful  situation for her.      29    ,  it can be  a chance  for her to  listen to her

favorite recorded books.

You can  never      30      all  the stress  and pressure  of life.  But stress  management  can

help you reduce stress in healthy ways.

21. A. or

B. for

C. and

D. but

22. A. physical

23. A. slow

B. mental

B. stop

C. spiritual

C. reduce

C. show

D. emotional

D. overcome

D. say

24. A. forget

25. A. steady

26. A. journey

27. A. common

28. A. suggests

29. A. Anyhow

30. A. reject

B. imagine

B. unusual

B. test

C. excellent

C. memory

C. strange

C. continues

C. Instead

C. meet

D. stressful

D. description

D. different

D. avoids

B. harmful

B. starts

B. Therefore

B. improve

D. Otherwise

D. remove

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四、阅读理解

阅读下列短文,从每小题后所给的 ABCD四个选项中,选出*佳选项。

Passage One

Public  goods  are  those  products  from  whose   enjoyment  nobody  can  be  effectively

excluded.  Everybody is  free to  enjoy  the benefits  of  these commodities,  and  one person’s

utilization(利用)does not reduce the possibilities of anybody else’s enjoying the same good.

Examples of public  goods are not as  rare as one might  expect. A flood control  dam is a

public good.  Once the  dam is built,  all persons  living in the  area will  benefit--regardless of

their own contribution  to the construction  cost of the  dam. The same holds  true for highway

signs  or aids  to  navigation.  Once a  lighthouse  is  built, no  ship  of  any  nationality can  be

effectively excluded from the utilization  of the lighthouse for navigational purposes. National

defense is another example. Even a person  who voted against military expenditures or did not

pay any taxes will benefit from the protection afforded.

It is no easy task to determine the social costs and social benefits associated with a public

good. There is no practicable way of charging drivers for looking at highway signs,  sailors for

watching a lighthouse, and citizens for the security  provided to them through national defense.

Because  the  market does  not  provide  the  necessary  signals,  economic analysis  has  to  be

substituted(代替)  for the impersonal judgement of the marketplace.

31. With what topic is the passage mainly concerned?

A. Mechanisms for safer navigation.

B. The economic structure of the marketplace.

C. A specific group of commodities.

D.The advantage of lowering taxes.

32. Which of the following would NOT be an example of a public good as described in the

passage?

Ataxi.                                                                          D. A stoplight.

33. Which of the following can best replace the underlined word “holds”?

A. has              B. is                  C. grasps                  D. carries

B. A bridge.

C. A fire truck.

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34. According to the passage, finding out the social costs of a public good is a ________.

A. difficult procedure

B. daily duty

C. matter of personal judgement

D. citizen’s responsibility

Passage Two

Olaf Stapledon wrote  a book called First and  Last Men in which  he looked millions of

years ahead. He told of different men and of strange civilisations(文明), broken up by long

‘dark ages’ in between. In his  view, what is called the present time is no  more than a moment

in human history and we are just  the First Men. In 2,000 million years from now there will be

the Eighteenth or Last Men.

However, most  of our ideas  about the future  are really very short-sighted.  Perhaps we

can see some  possibilities for the next  fifty years. But the next  hundred? The next thousand?

The next million? That’s much more difficult.

When men and  women lived by  hunting 50,000 years ago,  how could they even  begin

to picture modern life? Yet to  men of 50,000 years from now, we may seem as  primitive(原

始的)in our ideas  as the Stone-Age  hunters do to us.  Perhaps through the the  spundels and

ballalators, these words, which I have just made up,  have to stand for things and ideas that we

simply can’t think of .

So why bother  even to try  imagining life far in  the future? Here  are two reasons. First

unless we remember how short our own lives are compared with the whole human history, we

are likely to think our own interests are much  more important than they really are. If we make

the earth a poor place to live  because we are careless or greedy(贪婪)  or quarrelsome, our

grand-children will not bother to think of excuses for us.

Second, by trying to escape  from present interests and imagine life far in the  future, we

may arrive at  quite fresh ideas that  we can use ourselves.  For example, if we  imagine that in

the future men  may give up  farming, we can think  of trying it  now . So  set you imagination

free when you think about the future .

35. A particular mention made of Stapledon’s book in the opening paragraph _________.

A. serves as a description of human history

B. serves an introduction to the discussion

C. shows a disagreement of views

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D. Shows the popularity of the book

36. The text discusses men and women 50,000 years ago and 50,000 years from now

in order to show that _________.

A. human history is extremely long

B. life has changed a great deal

C. it is useless to plan for the next 50 years

D. it is difficult to tell what will happen in the future

37. Spundels and ballalators are used in the text to refer to _________.

A. tools used in farming

B. ideas about modern life

C. unknown things in the future

D. hunting skills in the Stone Age

38. According to the writer of the text, imagining the future will _________.

A. serve the interests of the present and future generations

B. enable us to better understand human history

C. help us to improve farming

D. make life worth living

Passage Three

I was 15 when I met my first real  teacher, Mrs Geurin. I didn’t know her well at the time

but I thought I hated her.

In  her first  class,  she asked  us  to write  a  piece about  an  influencial person,  place  or

memory. I  chose to write  my lake house,  a topic  I had already  written about and  received a

vast amount  of praise for.  Put simply, it  was the  place that my  parents met and  fell in love.

This teacher knew about  my original piece and she  was not happy. Throught the school  year,

we would pass each other in the hall, never saying a word to each other.

It  was  not until  February  of  2012  that we  spoke  at  the  most unusual  of  places,  my

father’s funeral. At first,  I was angry that she showed up.  Did she even care? She didn’t even

know him! I stood, watching her give  a deep bow to my father’s coffin, completely confused!

It was not until she approached me that I realized she was crying even harder than I was.

“Kali,” she said, “I  am so sorry. My own father passed  away just three weeks ago, and  I

completely feel your pain.” I was shocked.  I understood that she had also lost her father, but I

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didn’t  see the  connection  between us  just yet.  She  had rejected  my  writing. That  was  not

something that I was willing to so early forgive.

A couple of weeks later, she went into my study hall and placed an envelope on my desk.

In the letter, she told me her father, also had cancer, also  passed away in six months’ time and

he was her best friend too. It was not just this letter, but this act of kindness that taught  me my

greatest life  lesson. Losing  has taught  us both  how to  appreciate life.  For that  lesson, I  am

always grateful.

39. Why did the author hate Mrs. Geurin at first?

A. Mrs. Geurin said somethig bad about the author’s father.

B. Mrs. Geurin gave the author a hard topic to write about.

C. Mrs. Geurin didn’t appreciate the author’s writing.

D. Mrs. Geurin didn’t like the author’s lake house.

40. Hearing what Mrs. Geurin said at the funeral, the author _____.

A. was grateful to her

B. still didn’t forgive her

C. felt ashamed of herself

D. found they had a lot in common

41. What changed the relationship between Mrs. Geurin and the author?

A. Her apology to the author.

C. Both losing a good friend

42. What’s best title for the text?

A. My first teacher

B. Her visit to the lake house.

D. A similar sad experience

B. My beloved father

C. Seeking common ground

D. Breaking down the emotional barrier

Passage Four

It can be  hard to feel  much sympathy for bats.  Like snakes or  spiders or sharks, there’s

something quite alarming about bats, something  that holds back empathy. Bats aren’t actually

“flying rodents(啮齿动物),” but you likely won’t see them on  the next endangered species

poster.

But bats in the  U.S. are in serious trouble, thanks largely  to a catastrophic disease called

white-nose  syndrome WNS, which  has  killed at  least  one million  bats,  mostly in  the

northeast, and  death rates among some  affected winter colonies  can be as  high as 70%.  One

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species—the little  brown bat or  Myotis lucifugus—has  declined so quickly  that it  is headed

for extinction. And the disease keeps spreading, with wildlife experts helpless to stop it—after

starting in  upstate  New York  in 2006,  the  disease was  just confirmed  as  far west  as Ohio

yesterday.

You might  say: so what?  Other than  people who study  bats—would anyone miss  them

when they’re gone? As it turns out, all of  us would—at least if you like food. A new article in

Science shows that bats have an  important role to play in agriculture—one worth at least $3.7

billion  a year,  if  not  far more.  That’s  how  much the  extinction  of  bats  throughout North

America  could  cost  the   region’s  food  system,  according  to   an  analysis  by  a  group   of

researchers led  by Justin  Boyles of  the University  of Pretoria  in South  Africa. The  logic is

simple: bats eat  bugs—tons and tons of  bugs—and that includes crop  and forests pests. A

single colony of 150  brown bats in Indianan has been  estimated to eat nearly 1.3 million  pest

insects a year.)  Remove the  bats, and you remove one  of nature’s most effective biological

pesticides—which  would  have  to  be   replaced  by  actual  pesticides,  at  an  economic  and

environmental expense.

It’s not  just  WNS that  is striking  down  bats. Wind  turbines(涡轮机)are apparently

killing migratory(迁徙的)bats as  well—by 2020, an estimated  33,000 to 111,000 bats  are

predicted  to be  killed by  turbines  in the  mid-Atlantic  Highlands alone.  The  authors in  the

Science paper worry that as wind power  develop fast in the U.S., more bats will end up  killed

by the  blades. But WNS  seems like  the more immediate  threat. But  it’s still a  mystery how

WNS  spread, and  how  to stop  it—those  the U.S.  Fish  and Wildlife  Service,  among  other

government agencies, is on the case. We may not like bats—but we definitely need them.

43. What is the author’s opinion about bats?

A. Indifference

B. Frightened

C. Worried

D. Grateful

44. Which of the following statements is true about WNS?

A. It speads quickly

B. It can be controlled.

C. It was first discovered in Ohio.

D. It is more serious in the Northwest.

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45. From Justin Boyles’ study we can learn that _____.

A. bats often eat insects killed pesticides

B. bats in North America are short of food

C. some species of bats harm crop plants

D. losing bats means huge economic cost

46. What is the author’s purpose of writing this passage?

A. To show his opinion of bats.

B. To show how impotant bats are in agriculture.

C. To tell us a rare animal.

D. To report a new science discovery.

Passage Five

Many parents try  hard to protect  their kids from TV  and Internet advertising. But  how

can you protect a child  form a large fast-food ad painted on her school  locker(小柜)? Or a

toy ad on the side of his school bus?

As  school budgets  get  smaller,  a  growing number  of  schools  in the  US  are  selling

advertising  space on  lockers  and buses  and  in  gyms and  cafeterias.  It is  an  easy  way for

schools to  make money. And  ads may provides  relief for parents  exhausted by making  each

donations to support schools.

While  parents  can  always  turn off  the  television  or  the  computer,  they  can’t  keep

advertising out of schools. This isn’t the first time the issue has come up. For example, a news

program for teens has  been criticized for including ads  in its 12-month classroom broadcasts.

Parents groups  successfully fought a  plan by a  company called  Bus Radio to  put music and

ads into school buses.

But now  things are  different.  Just last  month, Los  Angeles approved  a plan  to allow

companies to advertise  in the district’s schools. Officials  say the plan could  provide as much

as $ 18 million for the school.

In St. Francis,  Minn, school recently agreed to cover  10% to 15% of their  lockers with

ads. Edward Saxton,  a teacher in the school,  say, “So far, parents are  accepting this as a way

to bring in needed  money. The money pays for  programs like arts, sports, and music.  Parents

don’t like  to see programs getting  cut. Neither do  I.. Besides, schools  are thinking about  the

14

  


 

effects on kids all the time.”

However, Susan  Linn,  an educational  experts, says,  “Kids have  already  seen enough

ads   on  TV,   in   magazines  and   on   products  they   use   daily.  School   is   no  place   for

advertisements at all.”

Reader, what  about you? Would  you rather  help run yet  another school  fundraiser, or

expose your  child to  ads on lockers  and buses?  Is keeping  ads out of  schools worth  raising

taxes, or increasing your own cash support for schools through donations?

47. Why do schools allow ads into schools?

A. To reduce parents’ burdens.

B. To solve their finanical problems.

C.  To offer kids a wide choice of goods.

D.  To improve their students’ living conditions.

48. Edward Saxon thinks that _____.

A. schools choose ads carefully

B. ads in schools should not be too much

C. shcools should be a place free from ads

D. in-schools do no harm to young kids.

49. What is this passage mainly about?

A. The negative efect of ads on kids.

B. Efforts to stop in-school advertising.

C. Whether ads should be allowed in schools.

D. Whether Parents should run fundraisers for schools.

50. Who are intended readers of the text?

A. Parents

B. Teachers

C. Educators

D. Businessmen

15

  


 

大学英语辅导(一)参考答案

一、语音知识

1-5    D

A

B

D

C

二、词汇和语法知识

6-10

D

B

C

A

B

C

B

C

C

B

B

C

B

11-15    A

16-20    B

三、完型填空

21-25    D

26-30    D

B

A

C

B

B

C

D

D

四、阅读理解

31-34    C

35-38    B

39-42    C

43-46    C

47-50    B

B

D

A

A

A

C

C

B

D

C

A

A

A

B

D

16

  


 

西北工业大学现代远程教育

专升本入学测试大学英语辅导(二)

一、语音知识

在下列各组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同,找

出该单词。

1. A.buffet

B.indicate

B. aircraft

B. graduation

B. answer

B. gradual

C.market

C. pack

D. product

D. bananna

D. intention

D. Atlantic

D. eventually

2. A. advance

3. A. destruction

4. A. function

5. A. all

C. question

C. brunch

C. usual

二、词汇和语法知识

从每小题的四个选项中,选出*佳的一项。

6. I need _____ to finish the chair.

A. one more wood

C. many woods

B. much woods

D. a piece of wood

7. The mayor together with his two brothers _____ going to be indicated for accepting bribes.

A. were          B. have to          C. is          D. are

8. The film in my camera is finished. I need to get it _____.

A. cut            B. cleaning          C. to test          D. developed

9. --- I can’t find my wallet.

--- _____ it at home?

A. Must you leave

B. Maybe you leave

D. Might you have left

C. You might left

10. I’m really quiet lost. ______ me how to get out of here?

A. Would you mind showing

C. you to be

B. Would you be showing

D. Would you mind to showing

11. Our customer’s money _____ if they are not satisfied with the product.

17

  


 

A. will refund

B. will have refunded

C. will be refunded

D. will have been refunded

12. He speaks ______ English and German.

A. any          B. either          C. either

D. both

13. The  cakes are delicious. I’d  like to have  _____ third one  as _____ second  one I ate  was

too small.

A. the, the

B. a , the

C. the, a

D. a, a

14. Americans eat _____ vegetables per person today as they did in 1910.

A. more than twice

C. twice as many as

B. as twice as many

D. more than twice as many

15. Five hundred yuan a week _____ enough to live on.

A. is                B. are            C. is being            D. has been

16. She hasn’t read the article, nor ______ the essay.

A. has written            B. she has written          C. writing

17. --- You should have listened carefully.

---I had hoped to, but I didn’t think what the speaker was saying made any ____

A. value          B. fun            C. use            D. sense

18. I suggested to our manager that we ____ the problem in another way.

A. handles            B. handle            C. did handle            D. had handled

D. has she written

19. The treatment will continue until the patient reaches  the point _____ he can walk properly

and safely.

A. when

B. what

C. that

D. where

20. --- Must you play the guitar so loudly? I can hardly _____ my books.

--- I’m sorry. I didn’t know you were reading.

A. pay attention to

C. rely on

B. concentrae on

D. catch sight of

三、完形填空

阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题的四个选项  A, B, C, D中选出填入对应空白处*佳

选项。

18

  


 

Princeton, New Jersey, is a small quiet town  of family homes, even though it does have

a  world-famous  university.  It  is  not   a  place

characters on the streets.

21

anyone  would  expect  to  see  strange

22    day in 1940, a little girl in Princeton saw  a funny-looking man    23

her. His white hair was wild and seemed to be standing straight out. His    24    were much too

big and seemed to  have been pulled on like  a blanket    25          him. He was short, had  a big

towards

nose  and deep-set  eyes.  He was  not  looking anywhere.  It  was    26    that he  was  thinking

deeply. He almost ran into the  girl before he    27    her. He smiled at her, then  walked on and

went  on  thinking.  The girl  turned  around  to  get    28    look  at  the  strange  old  man. She

noticed that he was wearing his bedroom slippers.

That night    29    dinner, the  girl told her  family about the strange,  funny man she  had

seen. “He was almost like a character  out of a fairy story,” she exclaimed.    30    her surprise,

her father  put down  his knife and  fork, looked  at her,  then said, “My  child, remember  this:

today you saw one of the greatest men in the world.”

The “strange character” was Allbert Einstein, the world-famous scientist.

21. A. that

22. A. Some

23. A. go

B. where

B. A

C. which

C. That

C. to run

C. hands

C. beside

C. he

D. but

D. One

B. coming

B. clothes

B. in

D. moved

D. feet

24. A. ears

25. A. over

26. A. clearly

27. A. talked

28. A. one

29. A. before

30. A. To

D. under

D. there

D. greeted

D. another

D. in

B. clear

B. told

C. saw

C. good

C. at

B. more

B. after

B. On

C. By

D. Seeing

四、阅读理解

阅读下列短文,从每小题后所给的 ABCD四个选项中,选出*佳选项。

Passage One

You’ve likely  been told  by your parents  not to  play with  fire. Fire can  be dangerous.

19

  


 

However, some fires are very healthy and helpful to our planet.

th

Until the  20   century,  almost all forest  fires were naturally  occurring fires,  started by

natural means, such as  lightning strikes. These fires are  a part of our ecosystem. When  forest

fires  occur  naturally, they  tend  to  move  quickly through  the  forest.  They  burn the  lower

branches and clear the deadwood and weeds from the forest floor.

For many years, the US government tried to prevent as many forest fires as possible. As

a  result, forests  build up  layers  of deadwood  and  brush. This  left  forests at  risk for  much

fiercer natural  fires. The  extra deadwood served  as fuel.  It also kept  forests less  healthy for

trees and wildlife.

Forest fires improve  the forest as a  habitat for large  trees that prefer some  open space.

In addition,  forest fires  help seeds  begin to  grow. Some  types of  trees only  let go  of seeds

when they are  exposed to great heat. These  natural fires also remove  sick plants and harmful

insects from a forest ecosystem.

In recent  years forest-management techniques  have changed. Scientists  understand the

importance of  fire to  the forest.  Forest agencies  have begun  starting controlled  fires. These

help remove the  growth that has built  up over so many  years. At the same time,  people have

increased  their use  of  the forest  for  leisure  purpose. Now  most  forest fires  are  caused  by

human   carelessness.  People   being   careless  with   matches   or   cigaretts  can   start   fires.

Sometimes people leave their campfire unattended. These  fires often cause more damage than

natural fires because they upset  the balance of nature. They also can  destroy timber and harm

the soil.

Always be  careful  when you  are camping  or walking  through the  woods.  Be careful

with  matches  and  make  sure campfires  have  been  put  out  properly.  We  will  all  see the

benefits from these precautions in our forests and natural environments.

31. What do we know about naturally occurring fires?

A. They help cure sick plants.

B. They are important to forest.

C. They keep seeds from growing.

D. They disturb the balance of nature.

32. The US government’s efforts in preventing forest fires in the past _______.

20

  


 

A. proved to be useful

B. benefited wildlife a lot

C. stopped natural fires from occurruing.

D. affected the development of forests

33. In the last few years, US forest agencies started to _______.

A. forbid people to camp in the forest

B. understand the harm of forest fires

C. use fire to clear the forest floor

D. be worried about forest fires

34. The word “precaution” in the last paragraph probably means ______.

A. measures

B. instructions

C. disasters

Passage Two

D. researches

What kind  of French  teenager  seeks out  an American  homestay as  part of  his or  her

summer plans?  At American Discovery,  an international  cultural exchange organization,  we

have  found  a few  common  features  in  the  25 years  we’ve  been  bringing  teenagers  form

Europe to the U. S.

These boys and girls are usually independent and have a desire to improve their English.

They love travelling and many have visited  other countries in Europe. All of them are excited

to be coming to California for the first time.

These students also tend  to believe, and we at American Discovery  agree, that to really

experience a  country, you have  to be more  than just  a tourist. They  see a homestay  with an

American family as a good way to meet people and develop long-lasting friendship.

So, I invite East Bay families to take the opportunity this simmer to welcome and host a

nd

nd

student from  France from  August 2    to  August 22   . Today I’d  like to  introduce you  more

French students.

Vincent

17 years  old. Lives in  Lyon in the  southeast of Freance.  Loves mountain biking.  Also

plays tennis, volleyball and badminiton. Goes to  movies, play video games, and listens to pop

and rock music. Has travelled to most countries in Western Europe.

Gregoire

15 years  old. Lives  in a  little village  near Bordeaux in  the south  of France.  Feels his

21

  


 

English is  good but wants  to improve,  Says,“I’m a great  fan of American  TV series.  Also I

like to cook and to read.”

Brian

17 years old. Lives in Orchies, near Lille in the north of France. Favorite foods are meat,

potaots and vegetables. Enjoys sports, TV, and hiking. Plays soccer & ping-pong.

Violaine

15 years old.  Lives in Burgundy.  Doesn’t eat meat,  but can make exceptions.  Likes to

go to  theme parks,  play games and  go shopping.  Participate in a  homestay with  a family in

New York last August.

For   more  information   or  to   host,   contact  Jonathan   Draper  at   510-300-7022   or

[email protected] Discovery.net.

35. Based on this passage, what is the best way to learn about a foreign country?

A. Living with a foreign family.

B. Seeing foreign movies.

C. Watching Foreign TV.

D. Making foreign friends.

36. What do Vincent and Brian have in common?

A. Both like watching TV.

B. Both are not good at cooking.

C. Both are interested in sports.

D. both enjoys playing video games.

37. What are the intended readers of the text?

A. Language techers.

B. East Bay parents.

D. college students.

C. European tour guides.

38. Which of following statements is true?

A. Violaine is a sport fan.

B. Brian likes to watch American TV series.

C. American Discovery is a cultural exchange organization.

D. American Discovery is a TV program.

Passage Three

22

  


 

In  1801,  Thomas Jefferson  was  the  first  president to  take  the  oath of  office  in  the

nation’s permanent  capital, Washington  D. C. Although  Washington was  a new city,  it was

already familiar to  President Jefferson. In fact,  Jefferson had helped plan  the capital’s streets

and  public buildings.  Besides  being a  city  planner and  architect,  the new  President  was a

writer, a scientist, and the inventor of several tools.

Jefferson  lived  in  the   Presidential  Palace.  The  Palace  was   more  than  a  home;  it

contained offices for  the President and some of  his staff and advisors. It  also included dining

and reception  rooms, where  the President  could entertain  congressmen. However,  President

Jefferson did not  give many formal parties. This  was partly because there was  no First Lady.

Jefferson’s wife had  died in 1782. But  it was also because  Jefferson liked to live  in a simple

fashion.  Once, he  showed  up  for  an important  meeting  wearing  old  clothes and  slippers!

Neither Washington nor Adams would ever have dressed so casually.

Jefferson was  different from  the first two  Presidents in  other ways, too.  He disagreed

with them about  how the country should be  run, and about what  part a President should play

in running it.

39. According to the passage, the Presidential Palace was built to be

.

A. an office building and home

C. a home

B. a meeting place for congressmen

D. an office building

40. According to the passage, Thomas Jefferson was all of the following except

A. a writer                                                     B. a city planner

.

C. the third president of the United States     D. a carpenter

41.Thomas Jefferson did not entertain very often in Washington D. C. because

A. he did not have new clothes

.

B. the food there was bad

C. he did not enjoy carefully prepared parties and there was no First Lady

D. his wife did not like it

42. Which of the following statements about Washington D. C. is true?

A. It was not the first capital of the United States.

B. All the American presidents took the oath of office in Washington D.C.

C. There were many old streets in Washington D. C. before 1801.

23

.

  


 

D. Washington D. C. was planned by Thomas Jefferson.

Passage Four

Schools  in  the 1990’s  will  be  working  together  with  businessmen and  offices,  and

factories  will be  full  of school  children  and  teachers. Since  the  reforms of  the  nineteenth

century which  got  children out  of factories,  the British  have  disliked mixing  learning with

commerce. But the past ten years of high youth unemployment  have encouraged most schools

to create new links with employers to provide their pupils with more marketable skills. And in

the next ten years, when youth labor will become scarce rather than plentiful, many employers

not yet working with schools will be encouraged to do so.

43. One of Britain’s aims of the nineteenth century social reforms must have been to

.

A. provide pupils with more skills

C. separate learning from commerce

44. In Britain, the 1990’s will see a

B. create new links with employers

D. mix learning with commerce

.

A. weak link between schools and factories

B. a high youth unemployment

C. higher demand for skilled workers

D. new increase in youth labor

45.   In   the   past    decade,   the   British   schools   have    taken   their   pupils   to   factories

because

.

A. youth labor is plentiful

B. the British think it’s good for their children to work there

C. the employers encourage them to do so

D. they have had to prepare their students for employment

46. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage?

A. In the past ten years, Britain’s youth unemployment rate is high.

B. Birth rate in Britain will become lower.

C.  Most   British  schools   have  been  encouraged   to  provide   their  pupils   with  more

marketable skills.

D. In Britain youth labor will be much less than is needed in the next decade.

Passage Five

24

  


 

To us it seems so  natural to put up an umbrella  to keep the water off when it  rains. But

actually the umbrella  was not invented as  protection against rain. Its  first use was as  a shade

against the sun!

Nobody knows  who first invented it,  but the umbrella  was used in  very ancient times.

Probably the first to use it were the Chinese, way back in the eleventh century B.C.

We know that the umbrella  was used in ancient Egypt and Babylon as  a sunshade. And

there was a strange thing  connected with its use: it became a symbol  of honour and authority.

In the  Far East in  ancient times, the  umbrella was  allowed to be  used only by  royalty or by

those in high office.

In Europe, the Greeks were the  first to use the umbrella as a sunshade. And the  umbrella

was in common use in ancient Greece. But it is believed that the first  persons in Europe to use

the umbrella as protection against the rain were the ancient Romans.

During  the  Middle  Ages,  the  use  of  the  umbrella  practically  disappeared.  Then  it

appeared again in Italy in  the late sixteenth century. And again it  was considered a symbol of

power and authority. By 1680, the umbrella appeared in France, and later on in England.

By  the  eighteenth  century,  the  umbrella was  used  against  rain  throughout  most  of

Europe.  Umbrellas have  not changed  much  in style  during all  this  time, though  they have

become much lighter  in weight. It wasn’t until  the twentieth century that  women’s umbrellas

began to be made, in a whole variety of colors.

47. According to this passage, the umbrella was probably first invented

.

A. in ancient China

C. in ancient Greece

B. in ancient Egypt

D. in ancient Rome

48. Which of the following statements is not true about the umbrella?

A. No one exactly knows who was the inventor of the umbrella.

B. The umbrella was first invented to be used as protection against the sun.

C. The umbrella changed much in style in the eighteenth century.

D. In Europe, the Greeks were the first to use the umbrella.

.

49. A strange feature of the umbrella’s use is that it was used as

A. protection against rain                  B. a shade against the sun

.

C. a symbol of honour and power      D. women’s status Middle Ages

25

  


 

50. This passage talks mainly about

.

A. when and how the umbrella was invented

B. why the umbrella was so popular in Europe

C. the development of the umbrella

D. the history and use of the umbrella

大学英语辅导(二)参考答案

一、语音知识

1-5    A C C A A

二、词汇和语法知识

6-10

D C D D A

11-15    C D.B D A

26-30    B C D C A

16-20    D D B D B

三、完型填空

21-25    B D B B A

四、阅读理解

31-34    B D D A

43-46    C C D B

35-38    A C B C

47-50    A C C D

39-42    A D C A

26

  


 

西北工业大学现代远程教育

专升本入学测试大学英语辅导(三)

一、语音知识

在下列各组单词中,有一个单词的划线部分与其他单词的划线部分的读音不同,找

出该单词。

1. A. assign

B. Atlantic

B. boxing

B. decision

B. color

C. condemn

C. complex

C. session

C. along

D. antique

D. exact

2. A. approximate

3. A. comprehension

4. A. among

D. expression

D. cover

5. A although

B. author

C. booth

D. cloth

二、词汇和语法知识

从每小题的四个选项中,选出*佳的一项。

6. --- Did you happen to see ______ black and _____ white cat?

--- Are they missing? I told you to take care of them.

A. a, /

7. A small percentage of the grain _____ ruined by the prolonged rain.

A. was            B. is              C. were            D. are

8. Who is that man, ____ in the front row?

A. one            B. the one            C. first

9. Little _____ that their plan has been discovered.

B. the, /

C. the, the

D.a, the

D. the first

A. they suspect

B. do they suspect

D. did they suspect

C. they suspected

10. _____  do Americans and  the British speak  the same  language, _____ they  share a large

number of social customs.

A. Not only; but also

C. Neither; nor

B. Either, or

D. Both; and

11. It is important to _____ our awareness about environment protection.

27

  


 

A. improve

B. make

C. form

D. raise

12. I _____ raw fish, but I’d like to try it one day.

A. never eat

B. never ate

C. was never eating

D. have never eaten

13. He _____ in that hotel since the beginning of August.

A. has been living       B. lived               C. is living

14. It was his nervousness in the interview_____ probably lost him the job.

A. which                     B. since              C. that                    D. what

D. lives

15. ---I’d love to invite you to dinner, John. Let’s make it Saturday if it is convenient to you.

--- _____ . I can’t wait to see you.

A. That’s great

B. Please don’t

D. I’d rather not

C. Thanks for your dinner

16. My colleague demanded that I _____ the books I borrowed from him.

A. return          B.would return        C. returned          D. was to return

17. I don’t understand this point of grammar. I wish I ____ it better.

A. understand

B. understood

C. would understand

D. had understood

18. I went to have my glasses ______.

A. fit              B. fitted          C. fit on

19. They went into town with the _____ of visiting the library.

A. profession          B. appoingtment          C. process

D. fitted on

D. intention

20. My friend was driving home on the highway last night when a policeman stopped him and

_____ him of speeding.

A. charged

B. accused

C. warned

D. reminded

三、完形填空

阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题的四个选项  A, B, C, D中选出填入对应空白处*佳

选项。

When I smoke with my family, I feel so  relaxed and good that nothing else in the world

seemed to

21    . I thought that smoking weed(烟草) was okay since many of my family

28

  


 

members and people at my school smoked. Nothing ever happened  to them.

smoking weed a lot more during lunch and after school. I never thought

I wanted to  smoke. Not that  it was actually  taking over my mind  and body. Then  I began to

22

I started

23

of it just that

fall behind  in school. I  would

money. I would spend

cut classes,  come home late  and spend  all my baby-sitting

24    8 to 18 dollars a day. I never thought  twice that marijuana

(大麻)  had a  bad effect on those  things. Maybe my  coming to class  high was the  reason

why I was failing or  coming home late. As I continued  to smoke marijuana, I began to notice

that I would always have  the strong desire to smoke and that I would  get lost in cigarettes if I

smoked those,  but I don’t.

the amount of marijuana that I use. I don’t want drugs to be the most important in my life. I’m

not smoking  every day, and  not spending  as much money.  Now that  I have                on my

habit, I  am saving  more money.  I’m ready to  go back  to school  and do good,  so that  I can

make  something of  myself.  Everyone is  always  saying how  weed                your  mind and

25

I have  learned more about  marijuana, I  have

reduced

26

27

how it  solves problems.  I think  it only  brings more    28    . Marijuana  is not  good for  your

body or  your brain.  I’m not  trying to  tell you  not to smoke,  I’m just  letting you  know that

marijuana can be dangerous to your health, and      29    it  may cause some long term negative

(负面的)  effects. Help yourself  now, before it  is too late. I  don’t want to lecture  anyone,

just

30

my experience with you. I do still smoke, but not as often.

21. A. matter

B. happen

C. appear

D. work

22. A. By the way

23. A. too much

24. A. at least

B. Now and then

B. a little

C. In my opinion

C. too often

D. At one point

D. any more

D. as little as

D. As long as

D. cut off

B. at most

C. no more than

C. Now that

C. turned off

C. repairs

25. A. although

26. A. broken down

27. A. excites

B. Even if

B. cut down

B. fills

D. destroys

D. excitements

D. in the case

D. share

28. A. problems

29. A. in future

30. A. tell

B. pleasure

B. in the distance

B. explain

C. convenience

C. in the long run

C. regret

29

  


 

四、阅读理解

阅读下列短文,从每小题后所给的 ABCD四个选项中,选出*佳选项。

Passage One

A good  marriage means growing  as a couple  but also growing  as individuals.This isn’t

easy, marriage  has always  been difficult.  Why then  are we  seeing so many  divorces at  this

time? Yes, our modern  social fabric is thin, and yes the  permissiveness of society has created

unrealistic  expectations  and  thrown  the  family  into  disorder.  But  divorce  is  so  common

because people today are unwilling to exercise the self-discipline that  marriage requires. They

expect easy joy, like the entertainment on TV, the thrill of a good party.

Marriage takes  some kind  of sacrifice, not  dreadful self-sacrifice  of the soul,  but some

level of  compromise. Some  of  one’s fantasies,  some of  one’s legitimate  desires have  to be

given up for the value of the marriage itself.  “While all marital partners feel shackled  (受束

缚)  at times,  it is they  who really choose to  make the marital  ties into confining  chains or

supporting  bonds”,  says  Dr.Whitaker.  Marriage   requires  ***ual,  financial  and  emotional

discipline. A man and a woman cannot follow every impulse, cannot  allow themselves to stop

growing or changing.

A divorce is not an evil act. Sometimes it provides salvation(拯救)for people who have

grown hopelessly apart or were frozen in patterns  of pain or mutual unhappiness. Divorce can

be like  the first cut of  the surgeon’s knife,  a step toward  new health and a  good life. On  the

other  hand,  if the  partners  can  stay  past  the breaking  up  of  the  romantic  myths into  the

development of real love  and intimacy, they have achieved a work  as amazing as the greatest

cathedrals(教堂)  of the world.  Marriages that do not fail  but improve, that persist  despite

imperfections, are not  only rare these  days but offer a  wondrous shelter in  which the face of

our mutual humanity can safely show itself.

31. According to the author,an ideal marriage life _____ .

A. requires considerable sacrifice on both partners

B. requires that the couple be emotionally involved

C. allows for the growth of the husband and wife as a couple and as two individuals

D. is only an illusion in today’s society

32. In Paragraph 2, the word “legitimate”most probably means _____ .

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A. lawful

B. biological

C. personal

D. reasonable

33. In the author’s opinion, a divorce is not an evil act _____ .

A.if the marital life is imperfect

B. if it leads to a more worthwhile life for the two persons

C. if the couple later get married again and find real love

D. if the couple live far away from each other

34. The author believes the real cause for the increase of divorces today is that _____ .

A. people have too many sources of entertainment

B. people have less internal restraints

C. people no longer enjoy family life as they did before

D. people do not want to be confined by marital ties

Passage Two

Long  after  the  1998  World  Cup  was  won,  disappointed  fans  were  still  cursing  the

disputed  refereeing(裁判)decisions that  denied  victory  to  their team.  A  researcher  was

appointed to study the performance of some top referees.

The researcher  organized  an experimental  tournament(锦标赛)involving four  youth

teams.  Each match  lasted  an hour,  divided  into three  periods  of 20  minutes  during which

different referees were in charge.

Observers noted  down the referees’errors,  of which there were  61 over the  tournament.

Converted  to  a  standard  match of  90  minutes,  each  referee  made  almost  23  mistakes,  a

remarkably high number.

The researcher then studied the videotapes  to analyse the matches in detail. Surprisingly,

he found that  errors were more likely when  the referees were close to the  incident. When the

officials  got it  right, they  were, on  average,  17 meters  away from  the  action. The  average

distance in  the case  of  errors was  12 meters.  The research  shows the  optimum(*佳的)

distance is about 20 meters.

There also  seemed to  be an  optimum speed. Correct  decisions came  when the  referees

were moving  at a  speed of  about 2  meters per  second. The  average speed  for errors  was 4

meters per second.

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If FIFA, football’s international ruling body, wants to  improve the standard of refereeing

at the  next World Cup,  it should  encourage referees to  keep their eyes  on the  action from a

distance, rather than rushing to keep up with the ball, the researcher argues.

He  also  says   that  FIFA’s  insistence  that  referees   should  retire  at  age   45  may  be

misguided. If  keeping up with  the action is  not so important,  their physical condition  is less

critical.

35. The experiment conducted by the researcher was meant to _______.

A. review the decisions of referees at the 1998 World Cup

B. analyse the causes of errors made by football referees

C. set a standard for football refereeing

D. show the referees were not guilty

36. The number of refereeing errors in the experimental matches was _______.

A. slightly above average

B. higher than in the 1998 World Cup

C. quite unexpected

D. as high as in a standard match

37. The findings of the experiment show that _______.

A. errors are more likely when a referee keeps close to the ball

B. the farther the referee is from the incident, the fewer the errors

C. the more slowly the referee runs, the more likely will errors occur

D. errors are less likely when a referee stays in one spot

38. What is one of the possible conclusions of the experiment?

A. The ideal retirement age for an experienced football referee is 45.

B. Age should not be the chief consideration in choosing a football referee.

C. A football referee should be as young and energetic as possible.

D. An experienced football referee can do well even when in poor physical

condition.

Passage Three

Since  we are  social  beings, the  quality  of our  lives depends  in  large measure  on  our

interpersonal relationships.  One strength of the  human condition is  our tendency to give  and

32

  


 

receive support from one another under  stressful circumstances. Social support consists of the

exchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties.

Those  of  us with  strong  support  systems  appear  better  able to  cope  with  major  life

changes and daily hassles(困难). People  with strong social ties live longer and have  better

health than those without such ties.  Studies over a range of illnesses, from depression to heart

disease, reveal that the presence  of social support helps people fend off(挡开)  illness, and

the absence of such support makes poor health more likely.

Social  support   cushions  stress  in   a  number  of   ways.  First,  friends,  relatives,   and

co-workers may let us know that  they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when  we feel

accepted by  others despite our  faults and  difficulties. Second, other  people often  provide us

with  informational support.  They  help us  to  define and  understand  our problems  and  find

solutions  to them.  Third,  we  typically  find social  companionship  supportive.  Engaging in

leisure-time activities  with others  helps us  to meet  our social  needs while  at the  same time

distracting(转移……注意力)  us from our worries and troubles. Finally,  other people may

give us  instrumental support?  A financial aid,  material resources,  and needed  services ——

that reduces stress by helping us resolve and cope with our problems.

39. Interpersonal relationships are important because _______.

A. they are indispensable to people’s social well-being

B. they waken people’s desire to exchange resources

C. they help people to cope with life in the information era

D. they can cure a range of illnesses such as heart disease, etc.

40. Research shows that people’s physical and mental health _______.

A. relies on the social welfare systems which support them

B. has much to do with the amount of support they get from others

C. depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles

D. is closely related to their strength for coping with major changes in their lives

41. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “cushions”Para.2?

A. Adds up to.

B. Does away with.

C. Lessens the effect of.

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D. Lays the foundation for.

42. Social companionship is beneficial in that _______.

A. it helps strengthen our ties with relatives

B. it enables us to eliminate our faults and mistakes

C.it makes our leisure-time activities more enjoyable

D. it draws our attention away from our worries and troubles

Passage Four

It  was a  winter  morning, just  a  couple of  weeks  before Christmas  2005.  While most

people were warming  up their cars,  Trevor, my husband, had  to get up  early to ride his  bike

four kilometers away from home to work. On arrival, he parked his bike outside the back door

as he usually does. After putting in 10 hours of labor, he returned to find his bike gone.

The bike, a  black Kona 18 speed,  was our only transport.  Trevor used it to  get to work,

putting  in 60-hour  weeks to  support  his young  family.  And the  bike  was also  used to  get

groceries(食品杂货), saving us from having to walk long distances from where we live.

I was  so sad that  someone would  steal our bike  that I wrote  to the  newspaper and told

them our  story. Shortly after  that, several people  in our area  offered to help.  One wonderful

stranger even  bought a bike,  then called  my husband to  pick it  up. Once again  my husband

had a way  to get to and  from his job. It  really is an honor  that a complete stranger  would go

out of their way for someone they have never met before.

People say  that a smile  can be passed  from one person  to another, but  acts of kindness

from  strangers are  even  more  so. This  experience  has had  a  spreading  effect in  our  lives

because it strengthened our faith in humanity(人性)  as a whole. And it has influenced(影

响) us to be more mindful of ways we, too, can share with others. No matter how big or how

small, an act of kindness shows that someone cares. And the results can be everlasting.

43. Why was the bike so important to the couple?

A. The man’s job was bike racing.

C. It was a nice Kona 18 speed.

B. It was their only possession.

D. They used it for work and daily life.

44. We can infer from the text that ____________.

A. the couple worked 60 hours a week.    B. people were busy before Christmas

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C. the stranger brought over the bike

D. life was hard for the young family.

45. How did people get to know the couple’s problem?

A. From radio broadcasts.

C. From TV news.

B. From a newspaper.

D. From a stranger.

46. What do the couple learn from their experience?

A. Strangers are usually of little help.

B. One should take care of their bike.

C. News reports make people famous.      D. An act of kindness can mean a lot.

Passage Five

Laws that  would have ensured  pupils from  5 to 16  received a  full financial education

got lost in the ‘wash up’. An application is calling on the next government to bring it back.

At school the children are taught to add up and subtract(减法)but, extraordinarily, are

not routinely shown how to open a  bank account — let alone how to manage their finances  in

an increasingly complex and demanding world.

Today  the  parenting website  Mumsnet  and  the  consumer campaigner  Martin  Lewis

have joined forces  to launch an  online application to make  financial education a  compulsory

element of  the school curriculum  in England.  Children from 5  to 16 should  be taught  about

everything from pocket money to pensions,  they say. And that was exactly the plan preserved

in the Children, Schools and Families bill that was shelved by  the government in the so-called

“wash-up”  earlier  this month  —  the  rush  to  legislation before  parliament  was  dismissed.

Consumer  and parent  groups believe  financial  education has  always  been one  of  the most

frustrating omissions of the curriculum.

As the Personal Finance Education GroupPfegpoints  out, the good habits of young

children do not last  long. Over 75% of seven-  to 11-year-olds are savers but by  the time they

get to  17, over half  of them are  in debt to  family and friends.  By this age,  26% see a  credit

card or overdraft(透支) as a way of extending their spending power. Pfeg predicts that these

young people  will  “find it  much harder  to  avoid the  serious unexpected  dangers  that have

befallen  many   of  their   parents’  generation   unless  they   receive  good   quality  financial

education while at school.”

The UK has been in the worst financial recession(衰退) for generations. It does seem

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odd that  — unless parents  step in —  young people are  left in the dark  until they are  cruelly

introduced to the world of debt  when they turn up at university. In a  recent poll of over 8,000

people, 97% supported financial education in schools, while 3% said it was a job for parents.

47. The passage is mainly about _____________.

A. how to manage school lessons

B. how to deal with the financial crisis

C. teaching young people about money

D. teaching students how to study effectively

48. It can be inferred from the first two paragraphs that __________.

A. the author complains about the school education

B. pupils should not be taught to add up and subtract

C. students have been taught to manage their finances

D. laws on financial education have been effectively carried out

49. The website and the consumer campaigner joined to _________.

A. instruct the pupils to donate their pocket money

B. promote the connection of schools and families

C. ask the government to dismiss the parliament

D. appeal for the curriculum of financial education

50. A poll is mentioned to ___________.

A. stress the necessity of the curriculum reform

B. show the seriousness of the financial recession

C. make the readers aware of burden of the parents

D. illustrate some people are strongly against the proposal

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大学英语辅导(三)参考答案

一、语音知识

1-5    C D B C A

二、词汇和语法知识

6-10

C A D B A

11-15    D D A C A

26-30    B A A C D

16-20    A B B D C

三、完型填空

21-25    A D A A A

四、阅读理解

31-34    C D B B

43-46    D D B D

35-38    A C A B

47-50    CADA

39-42    A B C A

37